Thursday, August 08, 2013
Rethinking Marketing and Discoverability for Today
‘Digital publishing is publishing’ and the news this week from Bowker that online sales have reached 44% of total sales should not come as a shock to anyone. The question is what are we doing to exploit this, the rise in digital titles and sales and other cultural changes? We hear lots of talk about who is the retailer, publishers going direct and of course digital, but how are we planning up to service this? Finding and valuing anything on an every increasing virtual shelf is becoming harder, when in fact it should be easier?
Search and discovery in a digital era is very different to that we experienced in the physical only world and yet many appear to be trying to serve up the same basic information and to be crossing their fingers that one shoe will fit all – it won’t. Look at music and how services such as Shazam, Spotify, YouTube, digital online radio and social networks are redefining how we find, sample and enjoy music.
The Onix XML standard was a milestone for common description of metadata and its construct and promotion was long overdue, but although it was built on some great work done in the music industry by the likes of Muze, it was built primarily on the back of the EDI market and XML standards which were aimed at a physical product market and servicing established B2B supply chain channels. As with many industry standards some would suggest that it often played to the lowest common denominator and rather than expanding the vision and usage of contextual material it confined it to the established B2B service model. It continues to service the online retailers but does it do enough or just enough? Does it really work in a world of self-service where the consumer wants to define their own discovery approach? Does it work when the content is digital and itself can become the metadata to describe itself?
We would suggest three observations towards a different way to view Context and in doing so service Content better.
Book in hand
Years ago the major wholesalers created their ‘book in hand’ processes which captured and validated the information about the book as the first copies were handled in the warehouse. The key to this was the fact that the book itself was the best authoritative source of the information. They still needed basic information on which to pre order the title prior to publication, but as many know, the title, jacket and other detail was often subject to change.
We have seen various ‘search inside’, or online samples of the book which are in the main driven by the distributor/wholesalers and online retailers. With the exception of certain sectors it was driven at the discretion of the publisher by the retailer and digital distributors.
Search Inside could be the new book in hand environment, which now can not only service the intermediary, but can also now service the consumer. All that is required is a digital file – the digital rendition itself, the rest is down to technology. So we all can have a book in hand and this can change how we create, develop, control, market, promote and offers a new and different context opportunity.
Contextual rights may be a term we have just created and some would say they already exist today as rights, but it makes sense to recognise them. The could create a leveller playing field and rules in which both intermediaries and consumers are able to fully exploit the digital content for digital content purposes within a standard framework.
When the likes of Amazon started to scan jackets some would have suggested it wasn’t strictly allowed but years later who would suggest that today? Using the full content to provide authority and context is plain logical. A better framework could enhance the discoverability of works and help remove those embarrassing search inside and often meaningless ‘surprise me’ and blank pages.
Far too often we have retained the physical book process and merely tipped the end product into a digital container. This approach was sensible yesterday but could be viewed as very naïve tomorrow.
Word of Mouth
Goodreads and others have demonstrated that many wish to read what others recommend.
The word of mouth recommendation has prevailed throughout history. However with the emergence of social networking it has exploded and we now can see where our ‘friends’ are, what they are reading right now and their views on it and recommendations. It’s like being given the keys to not only their lifestyle, movement but also their library. The challenge isn’t the people we actually know but those who are merely ‘friends by some association’.
Many have long treated the ‘independent review’ with some scepticism. After all, when the reviewer is actually also offering the book for sale, it makes one question how independent they are. Newspapers today sell the books they review and the question must be as to which the driver is and whether the reviews are the reviews independent or mere adverts. We once did a business survey on Home Depot and loved those wiring boards that looked like they were created by the local electrician, but discovered that they were in fact giant POS boards produced centrally. We also loved those little hand written book recommendation cards in some chains, but the sceptic questioned whether these were paid for space, or genuine. We would have loved to see if the same books got the same reviews, or were reviewed in other stores of the same chain. We are also all aware of the numerous claims over false reviews made by interested parties on online service.
Reviews and recommendations are often only as good as the last one and you still need to validate that it is what you actually want.
Looking at the same house through different windows
Today it can be difficult to determine who needs what information and we still build system silos to service only one aspect of the business. Search and discovery has gone beyond the basic bibliographic and metadata information that serviced the B2B market. The market now needs more information in order to sell both physical and digital into the channels and to the consumer.
The virtual bookshelf has given us the challenge of finding needles in digital haystacks.
Digital content can be viewed many ways by many different people. The reader may wish to see the first chapter of a novel. The academic the index and table of contents of a monograph. The teacher or student a selection of pages. Even the bookstore, school or library may wish to see what they are buying. It is just marketing material that can be easily drawn from the same digital content. It’s like looking at a house through different windows and seeing different aspects of the same house.
This leads us onto the catalogue which is just a collection of works which have been compiled together for presentation or commercial offer. There is no difference to the concept of sampling and marketing merely an extension. The reward for thinking this way is that you can see what everyone looks at, or ignores, or even if it have been viewed at all! It can itself drive sales, adoptions and marketing and promotional programmes.
This starts to again beg the question as to whether the same material can serve both B2B and B2C?
It also starts to suggest that the content itself can become the richest source of context to help the marketing and promotion of works and the search and discovery of them not just post publication but across the total lifecycle.